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Christine E. Campbell

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Associate Professor, Environmental Science
Grenfell Campus - Memorial University of Newfoundland
Corner Brook, Newfoundland, Canada A2H 6P9

Office: AS3016
Phone: (709) 639- 6478
E-Mail: ccampbell@grenfell.mun.ca

Professional Organizations: Society of Canadian Limnologists, Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology), Canadian Society of Zoologists, Canadian Association on Water Quality, International Water Association, Humber Natural History Society.  

Research Interests:

My research interests are in freshwater ecology, or limnology. Newfoundland is rich in freshwater lakes, ponds, streams and rivers. Western Newfoundland, in particular, is renowned for scenic fjord lakes such as Western Brook Pond in Gros Morne National Park. My students and I have examined the spatial distribution of plankton and benthic invertebrates in Western Brook Pond and the dynamics of zooplankton and larval fish in brackish St. Pauls Inlet.  Current research has focussed on aquatic invaders in western Newfoundland, particularly introduced anurans (frogs and toads). I have investigated the structure of zooplankton communities in natural lakes and human-constructed systems, both in Newfoundland (research projects on hydroelectric reservoirs in Newfoundland's Great Northern Peninsula, and on nutrient-enriched ponds in Central Newfoundland, with Dr. R. Knoechel from Memorial University of Newfoundland) and in Australia (research on predator-prey dynamics of zooplankton in salt evaporation basins in South Australia with Prof. W.D. Williams from University of Adelaide). Projects in stream ecology include monitoring zooplankton and macroinvertebrate drift in Newfoundland streams, with a Masters student looking at water quality in the Mnembo River in Malawi, Africa (part of WorldFish Center study). Other students have looked at the aquatic microfauna (ciliates, rotifers, gastrotrichs) and heavy metals in waste-water treatment systems of pulp and paper mills.

 

Recent/Selected Papers:

  • Kelly, D.O., R.J. Scott, C E. Campbell and I.G. Warkentin. 2016. Dispersal and niche diferentiation of newly introduced mink frogs in the presence of established green frogs in western Newfoundland, Canada. Copeia (accepted pending revisions)
  • Melanson, R.L. and C.E. Campbell. 2012. Near-shore fish populations within St. Paul's Inlet, an estuarine system in western Newfoundland. Northeastern Naturalist 19: 487-500.
  • Knoechel, R., D. Copeman and C.E. Campbell. 2010. Long-term trophic evolution of a northern reservoir following impoundment: different temporal response patterns of primary production and plankton biomass with a predictive model for future trends. Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 30: 1619-1624.
  • Gabriel, C.M.K., K. Clarke and C.E. Campbell. 2010. Invertebrate communities in Compensation Creek, a man-made stream in boreal Newfoundland: the influence of large woody debris. Rivers Research and Applications 26: 1005-1018. doi: 10.1002/rra.1295
  • Campbell, C.E. and R. Knoechel. 2008. Species occurrences of microcrustacean zooplankton in Labrador, Canada. Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 30: 77-81.
  • Jamu, D.M., L.M. Delaney and C.E. Campbell. 2006. Transboundary management plan for Lake Chilwa catchment. In Highlighting the Impacts of North-South Research Collaboration among Canadian and Southern Higher Education Partners. Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. p33-44.
  • Campbell, C.E., I.G. Warkentin and K.G. Powell. 2004. Factors influencing the distribution and potential spread of introduced anurans in western Newfoundland. Northeastern Naturalist 11: 151-162.
  • Warkentin, I.G., C.E. Campbell, K.G. Powell and T.D. Leonard. 2003. First record of Mink frog, Rana septentrionalis, for insular Newfoundland. Canadian Field-Naturalist 117: 477-478.
  • Campbell, C.E. 2002. Rainfall events and downstream drift of microcrustacean zooplankton in a Newfoundland boreal stream. Canadian Journal of Zoology 80: 997-1003.
  • Baldwin, D.D. and C.E. Campbell. 2001. Short-term effects of low pH on the microfauna of an activated sludge wastewater treatment system. Water Quality Research Journal of Canada 36: 519-535.
  • Smith, M.L. and C.E. Campbell. 2000. Effects of cement kiln dust on pH and phosphorus concentrations in an activated sludge wastewater treatment system. Water Quality Research Journal of Canada 35: 299-311.
  • Campbell, C.E., R. Knoechel and D. Copeman. 1998. Evaluation of factors related to increased zooplankton biomass and altered species compostion following impoundment of a Newfoundland reservoir. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55: 230-238.
  • Campbell, C.E. 1995. Temporal salinity variation in salt evaporation basins in South-eastern Australia. International Journal Salt Lake Research 4: 45-55.
  • Campbell, C.E. 1995. The influence of a predatory ostracod, Australocypris insularis, on zooplankton abundances and species composition in a saline lake. Hydrobiologia 302: 229-239.
  • Campbell, C.E.1994. Seasonal zooplankton fauna of salt evaporation basins in South Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 45: 199-208.
  • Knoechel, R. and C.E. Campbell. 1992. A simple quantitative device for obtaining vertically integrated samples of pelagic zooplankton. Limnology and Oceanography 37: 675-680.
  • Campbell, C.E. 1993. Planktivory by planktonic ostracods in Australian saline lakes. Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 25: 887-889.
  • Campbell, C.E. 1992. Fourspine stickleback, Apeltes quadracus, from a freshwater lake on the Avalon Peninsula of eastern Newfoundland. Canadian Field-Naturalist 106: 400-402.
  • Campbell, C.E. 1991. Prey selectivities of threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) and phantom midge larvae (Chaoborus spp.) in Newfoundland lakes. Freshwater Biology 25: 155-167
  • Campbell, C.E. and R. Knoechel. 1990. Distribution patterns of vertebrate and invertebrate planktivores in some Newfoundland lakes with evidence of predator-prey and competitive interactions. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68: 1559-1567.

Theses Supervised:

  • Stevens, E.N. 2016. A biological assessment of zooplankton in St. Pauls Inlet: an estuarine environment in Gros Morne National Park. M.Sc. Biology, MUN.
  • Kelly, D. 2015. Impact of invasive anurans in western Newfoundland. M.Sc., Cognitive and Behavioural Ecology, MUN (co-supervision)
  • Hussey, V.D. 2012. Ecological integrity of shallow, soft-bottom marine faunal assemblages in Gros Morne National Park. B.Sc. (Hons) Environmetnal Science, Grenfell-MUN
  • Stapleton, N.M.R. 2012. The distribution and spread of non-indigenous anuran species in western Newfoundland. B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science, Grenfell-MUN
  • Gallant, R.D. 2011. Sex ratios and relationship of total body length to sex for American eel (Anguilla rostrata) harvested in the Newfoundland commercial fyke net fishery. M.Sc. Environmental Managment, Royal Roads University, British Columbia
  • Godin, A. 2011. Determining Total Coliform abundance in Corner Brook streams. B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science, Grenfell-MUN
  • Melanson, R.M. 2011. Nearshore fish populations within St. Pauls Inlet, an estuarine system in western Newfoundland. B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science, Grenfell-MUN
  • Butt, C.J. 2007. The abundance and diversity of nuisance flies (Tabanidae and Oesteridae) in habitats frequented by moose and caribou in Gros Morne National Park. B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science, SWGC, Memorial Univ. of Nfld.
  • Delaney, L.D. 2006. Fish community ecology in relation to land use and lotic paramenters in the Mnembo river catchment (southern Africa). M.Sc. Environmental Science, Memorial Univ. of Nfld.
  • Snook, A. 2006. Evaluation of wastewater treatment options for phosphorus and suspended solids reduction in a new long-term care facility. B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science, SWGC, Memorial Univ. of Nfld.
  • Humber, J.M. 2005. The potential effects of boat traffic on benthic macroinvertebrates of Western Brook Pond, Gros Morne National Park. B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science, SWGC, Memorial Univ. of Nfld.
  • Leonard, T.D. 2003. Factors influencing colonization of the Trout River watershed, Gros Morne National Park, by exotic rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science, SWGC, Memorial Univ. of Nfld. (co-supervised with Drs. T. Knight and I.G. Warkentin).
  • Powell, K.G. 2002. Watersheds and water quality as determinants of anuran distribution in western Newfoundland. B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science, SWGC, Memorial Univ. of Nfld. (co-supervised with Dr. I.G. Warkentin).
  • Wells, D. 2001. Spatial heterogeneity in zooplankton populations in Western Brook Pond - potential impacts from increased boat traffic? B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science, SWGC, Memorial Univ. of Nfld.
  • Baldwin, D. 1999. The impact of low pH on the community dynamics of microfauna (ciliates, rotifers, gastrotrichs) in an activated sludge system. M. Env. Sci., Memorial Univ. of Nfld.
  • Smith, M. 1999. Evaluation of a cement dust buffer on pH and soluble reactive phosphorus in a waste-water treatment system. M. Env. Sci., Memorial Univ. of Nfld.
  • Baldwin, D. 1998. Possible effects of copper on microorganism communities in activated sludge systems. B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science, SWGC, Memorial Univ. of Nfld.
  • Dhargalkar, S. 1998. Factors affecting growth of juvenile Atlantic salmon in three rivers in St. Mary's Bay, Newfoundland. B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science, SWGC, Memorial Univ. of Nfld. (co-supervised with C. Bourgeois).
  • Jones, M. 1998. The distribution of sticklebacks (Gasterosteidae) in relation to salinity gradients in selected coastal streams in western Newfoundland. B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science, SWGC, Memorial Univ. of Nfld..
  • Soehner, J. 1995. Genetic variation in five Canadian populations of Leptodora kindtii. B.Sc. (Hons), Biology, Brock University. 


 Personal Interests

Cross-country skiing, hiking,